Bat monitoring in Georgia
Bats are increasingly recognized as reservoirs of emerging zoonotic pathogens, such as lyssaviruses, paramyxoviruses, coronaviruses, filoviruses and other. Although the significance of bats as reservoirs of zoonotic diseases in the Caucasus region is unknown, we do know that West Caucasian bat virus circulates in Miniopterus schreibersii bats in the region.
Impact of Forest Degradation on Breeding Birds of the Talysh Mountains in the Azerbaijan Republic
Deciduous broadleaf forests of the northern hemisphere are one of the most threatened ecosystems on the earth. They occur in three major disjunct regions (western Eurasia, eastern Asia and eastern North America). Globally, the Hyrcanian forest is one of the most important deciduous broadleaf forests, due to its remarkably biodiversity, primeval conditions and large extension.
Action needed to protect the rare Sistan Scrub Sparrow and its habitat
The Sistan Scrub Sparrow Passer (moabiticus) yatii is a taxon endemic to the Sistan basin on the Afghan-Iran border. We searched for Sistan Scrub Sparrow in the wetlands on the Iranian side of the Sistan basin during a visit to Iran in December 2010. At least 300 Sistan Scrub Sparrows were found in the dry basin of the Hamoun-e Saberi lake. No Sistan Scrub Sparrows were found at the Chah Nimeh water reservoir, along the River Hirmand on the Afghan border and at an irrigated site near Zahak.
Creation of water reservoirs contributing to population increase of Spur-winged Lapwing in Cyprus
The Spur-winged Lapwing, an Afro-tropical bird occurring in Sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt, southeast Europe and the Middle East, was first recorded in Cyprus in 1820. Up until the 1990s it was a common migrant, with few overwintering and one breeding record. While recent data indicated it had become a regular winter visitor and breeding bird, no island-wide assessment of the distribution and population size of this species had ever been carried out despite the relatively small size of Cyprus (9,250 km2 in area).
Endangered Purple Gallinule in Anzali wetland, Iran
Negin Nourani Najafi
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio porphyrio is a resident waterbird and seasonal breeder in Iran. Its habitats are wetlands with vast reedbeds and the verge of lakes with thick vegetation. There are two subspecies of Purple Gallinules in Iran. One is the P. p. seistanicus extending to the south and the east of Iran and another subspecies is P. p. caspius extending to northwest Iran. In recent years, due to destruction of reedbeds of their habitats and hunting, their population is extremely reduced.
Migratory vulture’s crisis continues in Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
Dau Lal Bohara
Population of three Gyps vultures in South Asia decreased by about 95% in 1990s. A major contributing factor in declining populations of vultures is believed to be the widespread use of drugs such as Diclofenac, once commonly-used as a livestock anti-inflammatory drug. Use of Diclofenac is now banned in India. During the last 3 years, vulture’s death cases are increasing not only in Rajasthan but also in other parts of the India. The IUCN Red Data Book has listed this bird as ‘critically endangered’.
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